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In 2013, while the TPP was still under negotiation, Ilana Solomon, Director of Responsible Trade at the Sierra Club, argued that the TPP “could directly threaten our climate and our environment [including] new rights to be granted to businesses, and that new restrictions on the fossil fuel industry all have a huge impact on our climate. , water and land. [92] Following the publication of a draft environmental chapter in January 2014, the Natural Resources Defence Council and the World Wildlife Fund joined the Sierra Club in criticizing the TPP. [93] Following the announcement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) on 25 September 2015 and the completion of the TPP a week later, critics discussed the interactions between the SDGs and the TPP. While one critic sees the TPP as a mixture of advantages and disadvantages for the SDGs,[94] another sees the TPP as incompatible with the SDGs and points out that while development rules conflict with another aspect of the TPP, the other aspect is a priority. [95] Friends of the Earth have spoken out against the TPP. [96] [97] Michelle Ye Hee Lee, an auditor for The Washington Post, wrote that Warren used “misleading language” to describe the TPP. While Warren involved the creation of “28 commercial advisory committees” to influence the TPP, the advisory committees were effectively established under the Trade Act of 1974; Only membership of trade committees had changed during the Obama administration and the early phases of the TPP. Referring to Warren`s assertion that trade advisers “secretly whisper in the ears of our trade negotiators,” Lee wrote, “While direct meetings are held for private reasons, committees still have to submit written reports to Congress and written recommendations and advice to be published. [210] In addition, Lee wrote: “It is true that industry representatives represent a large part of overall membership, but it is interesting to note that there is a working committee at the second level, workers` representatives at the first level and that industry groups are highly concentrated (to give technical advice).” [210] For its part, Beijing insisted that a separate trade agreement be concluded between the Comprehensive Regional Economic Partnership (RCEP), which includes 15 Asia-Pacific countries, but not the United States. It has also launched its Belt and Road Initiative, which aims to develop commercial and energy infrastructure throughout South and Central Asia. The RCEP was signed in November 2020, after eight years of negotiations.

The agreement is not as comprehensive as the TPP: it eliminates fewer tariffs and does not deal equally with trade in people, intellectual property or labour and environmental legislation.